By K. Siegbahn
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Additional info for Alpha-, Beta- and Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy
A 5 15discussion 25 3 detailed of these methods has been given by Glendenin, Gleason and K a t z ' ' . For simple ^-spectra the exponential law is valid so long as the foil transmits at least half of the electrons. Its range of validity is largest when the number of low-energy electrons is large. Thus one can expect good exponential absorption curves for /^-emitters with a high atomic number, a small maximum energy or for those corresponding to highly forbidden transitions. An example, measured with the set-up mentioned above, is shown in Fig.
L. Hereford, Phys. Rev. 81 (1951) 4 8 2 ; Phys. Rev. 81 (1951) F. L. Hereford and J. R. Keuper, Phys. Rev. 9 0 (1953) 1043. 627.
R e v . 8 8 (1952) 165. D . R. C o r s o n and R. B . Brode, Phys. R e v . 5 3 (1938) 7 7 3 . CH. I Fig. 19. INTERACTION OF ELECTRONS 19 A l u m i n u m absorption curves for various electron energies. The curves are normalized at the practical range R . p Intensity units are arbitrary. The insert s h o w s the end point region on an expanded scale. F r o m Hereford and Swann, Phys. Rev. 78 (1950) 727 20 G. K N O P A N D W . P A U L 47 CH. 3-1 MeV. The solid curve represents the 48 A lengths R = § 0 άΕ/(άΕ/άχ) calculated according to Moller, Rossi and Greisen.
Alpha-, Beta- and Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy by K. Siegbahn