By Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss, David A. Warburton
This quantity bargains with the chronology of historical Egypt from the fourth millennium till the Hellenistic interval. An preliminary part stories the principles of Egyptian chronology, either historical and sleek, from annals and kinglists to C14 analyses of archaeological information. experts speak about assets, assemble lists of identified dates, and learn biographical details within the part dedicated to relative chronology. The editors are answerable for the ultimate part, which makes an attempt a synthesis of the total diversity of obtainable information to reach at substitute absolute chronologies. the possible readership comprises experts in close to jap and Aegean reviews in addition to Egyptologists.
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Extra resources for Ancient Egyptian Chronology
The family of Sennedjem runs from Dyn. 19 to the beginning of Dyn. 21, notably Nekhemmut junior who is attested in oﬃce from Ramesses IV to Ramesses IX. The family of Kaha can be traced from early Dyn. 19 to Ramesses XI. More importantly, the scribe Amennakhte was appointed to oﬃce in year 16 of Ramesses III and survived until Ramesses VI. His son is attested from Ramesses III to Ramesses IX, while his grandson appears from Ramesses VI to Ramesses IX. Three further generations are known through to Smendes of Dyn.
For example, Leitz, Studien, 5–6; A. J. Spalinger, OLZ 87 (2002), 25. 20 Gardiner, Grammar, Excursus C. 21 J. P. Allen, The Heqanakht Papyri (New York: PMMAEE 27, 2002), 135–137. 22 See below, Chapter III. 11. 23 J. Kahl, N. Kloth & U. Zimmermann, Die Inschriften der 3. Dynastie (Wiesbaden: ÄA 56, 1995), 70–71. 48 the editors Calendar Adjustment R. 27 But what if the Egyptians added or lost a calendar day in the course of their history, be it by intercalation or by mistaken day counting? The close agreement between late Egyptian and general chronology precludes such an error or deliberate intercalation after the beginning of the Saite Period.
But the royal names in this section are the most severely corrupted. The details are therefore not necessarily indicative of superior source material. Table I. 2. Division of the Turin King-list into sections Section Period A B C Archaic Period OK Late OK & FIP (Herakleopolis) FIP (Thebes) MK & SIP D E Details provided about kings Dyns. 1–2 Dyns. 3–6 Dyns. 7–8 Dyns. 9–10 Dyn. 11 Dyn. 12 Dyns. 13–16 Years, months and days + Age at death Years alone10 Years, months and days Years alone Years, months and days Explicit information about the nature of a given group of kings is provided by headings, most damaged.
Ancient Egyptian Chronology by Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss, David A. Warburton